Writing a Press Release

­What is a press release?

A press or news release is simply a statement prepared for distributing information to the media.   It could, for instance, contain details of an event you are organising, a new appointment or an award, or perhaps an invitation to attend a photocall.

A well-written release may be the key to getting your story published. Getting published is like an receiving an endorsement of your work, your message and you. It gives you credibility and raises your profile. And remember, sending out a press release is far cheaper than paying for an advert.

The purpose of a press release is to give journalists information, preferably typewritten, that's useful, accurate and interesting. Useful, accurate and interesting, it's that easy.

It's an informal arrangement between you and the newsrooms you approach. You simply offer an interesting news item. Written in third person, your press release seeks to demonstrate to a journalist the newsworthiness of what you want to say.

Press releases are often sent alone, by email, fax or post. They can also be part of a full press kit with photographs, or may be accompanied by a covering letter.

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How is a press release used?

The media have a powerful voice, shaping the lives and opinions of millions of people. Which type of publication (newspaper, local radio, TV, magazine) you approach, will influence your chances of getting published.

Local newspapers and radio stations are hungry for good news stories and are likely to welcome your initiative. Regional television companies will be looking for the strongest stories with the most outstanding pictures. Trade and other specialist magazines may be good targets because their circulations are relatively small and their articles are more focussed.

Before you start writing, take time to study these media and try to spot the stories that have come from a press release. You will also notice that newspapers and magazines vary from each other in style and content. Write your press release with their needs and readers in mind.

It's much harder to get your release published in national newspapers and consumer publications. They have high circulation figures and a wider range of interests. Remember too that your press release will be one of a staggering* number of releases a newsroom receives each day. If it stands out as interesting, relevant and newsworthy, you will have a better chance of publication.

*Now there's an overused word.

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What to consider before you write a press release

Br sure you are doing this for the right reasons. Why do you want to issue a press release? 

Is the information newsworthy?

What do you want to say? Think carefully what your main message is. Can you explain it in a simple and clear way? Try to highlight the most interesting part of your story or event.  What is unique about this story – is it a first, is it the only event held like it in your region?

Who do you think will be interested?  Which newspapers, journals, radio stations or television companies will best disseminate your message? Be clear who your readers or listeners are, which publications they are likely to read, which broadcasters they listen to. 

Having established the best news outlets, take a look at each of them and analyse the style of articles and, where appropriate, the pictures they use. The closer you can match their style, the more likely your article will be used.

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Tone and structure of your press release

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What you should include

You may want some of the information embargoed, in other words, held back from publication until a later time or date. For instance, if you're going to make an important announcement at a public meeting, you might want to tell journalists about it in advance to grab their interest and to give them time to prepare their stories. But remember if your announcement is reported in advance, this might reduce its impact.

You can embargo your whole press release or just a part of it and you can specify the precise time when you want the story to be made public. Editors are not duty bound to observe an embargo, but in practice most local papers do.

Include the words 'FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE' if you want your story to be reported straight away.

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Getting the facts straight

Journalists are taught that there are six basic questions that must be answered for a story to be complete - the five Ws and one H, who, what, when, where why and how. So you need to bear this in mind when you start writing your  press release.  

If you are writing a about an event you want to publicise, say what it is, and where and when it is taking place. You also need to explain who you are and why you have organised the event. 

When you have written your press release, check that you have answered the questions:

Rudyard Kipling's knew this when he wrote the following poem in his Just So Stories in 1902..  These six honest serving men pose the questions you need to answer. Arrange them in the right order. Then start describing the facts of your story clearly in the body of your text. 

I keep six honest serving men                                                                                                They taught me all I knew;                                                                                                        Their names are What and Why and When                                                                              And How and Where and Who.  

 

And finally there's one other check question you should ask yourself before you send out your release:

 

Facts and figures

Journalists love facts and figures, particularly if they're relevant to their particular area. Wherever possible, use crucial facts, such as how many people are taking part, to substantiate your story.

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Use quotes

Quotes from people involved in your event or campaign will really help liven up your release, but make sure they are concise and relevant to the story. They add colour and an authoritative voice to your release.

A good quote will support rather than simply repeat text of your release.

There's a good chance it will be included in a published article, so do check their accuracy with the person quoted.  Never be tempted to make up a quote and attribute it to someone without their permission.

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Contact details

Make sure you provide your name, phone numbers (mobile as well), email and website address.

Check your text for mistakes. Most people need a second pair of eyes but, if you're on your own, try reading your words out aloud. You'll be surprised how many errors you've failed to spot first time round. 

Send out your press release several days in advance, but not too early. It may get lost in the pile.

And do make yourself available once your press release reaches its destination. If you are in a meeting, leave a recorded message on your mobile phone saying when you will be able to return calls and provide further information.

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Pictures

Not only are the press looking for original stories, they are also on the alert for good pictures. From the moment you decide to approach the media, ask yourself how intriguing and eye-catching your story will be. Will the action make a good photo? Will you convey your message in a compelling way? Can you take a picture in advance of the occasion? With a little thought and help you can easily improve your news photos.

Although it is not essential, you could include photos of people, or your colleagues with your release.  A good crowd may help.  This will remind the press that your project is alive, not just words on a piece of paper. It might also encourage photographers and television crews to come to your event, especially if there are obvious visual draws.

If you are planning a spectacular event, decide if you want to stage a photocall. Local newspapers are working with tight budgets. but they may be prepared to send out a professional press photographer if the opportunity warrants it.

A good picture is worth a thousand words.  A bad picture is worse than no picture at all.

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© Owen Spencer-Thomas

20 March 2012


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